Nav Durga Puja :-
प्रथमम शैलपुत्री च द्वितियम ब्रह्मचारिणी।
Prathamam Shailputri cha Dvitiyam Brahmcharini ।
त्रितियम चंद्र्घण्टेति कूष्मांडेति चर्तुथक॥
Tritiyam chandraghanteti Kushmandeti chaturthak ।।
पंचमं स्कन्दमातेति शष्ठमम कात्यायनीति च।
Pancham Skandmateti Shashtamam Katyaayniti Cha।
सप्तमम कालरात्रीति महागौरीतिचाष्टमम॥
Saptamam Kalratriti Mahagauritichashtamam ।।
नवमं सिद्धिदात्रीच नवदुर्गा प्रकीर्तिता।
Navamam Siddhidatrich Navdurga Prakitirta !
1st day of Navratri : Shailputri (शैलपुत्री )
2nd Day of Navratri : Brahmcharini (ब्रह्मचारिणी )
3rd Day of Navratri : Chandraghanta (चन्द्रघंटा )
4th Day of Navratri : Kushmanda (कूष्मांडा)
5th Day of Navratri : Skandmata (स्कन्दमाता )
6th Day of Navratri : Katyayani (कात्यायनी)
7th Day of Navratri : Kalratri (कालरात्रि)
8th Day of Navratri : Mahagauri ( महागौरी )
9th Day of Navratri : Siddhidatri (सिद्धिदात्री )
Below the Detail Pooja Vidhi for Navratri :-
1. Shailputri (शैलपुत्री ) Puja on First Day of Navratri :-
Shailputri is the name of form of Maa Durga when she incarnated as daughter of King of Mountains Himachal. Shail means mountain and putri means daughter.
Her lustre is said equal to crores of moons. She rides on a Bull named Nandi. Her head is adorned with half-moon. She has a trident in her one hand and varmudra in other hand.
Mantra of worship of Shailputri Devi :-
( i ) Om Devi Shailputryai Swaha (ॐ देवी शैल्पुत्र्यै स्वाहा) (Do 108 recitation of this mantra)
( ii ) Vande Vanchhit Laabhaay, Chandrardhkritshekharaam | Vrisharudham Shooldharaam Shailputriim Yashaswinim ||
वन्दे वाञ्छितलाभाय चन्द्रार्धकृतशेखराम्।
वृषारुढां शूलधरां शैलपुत्रीं यशस्विनीम्॥
Meaning :- I worship Goddess Shailputri to fulfill my wishes, who is adorned with half moon on her head, rides on a bull, carry a trident and is illustrious.
2. Brahmcharini (ब्रह्मचारिणी ) Puja on Second Day of Navratri :
Brahmcharini is form of Maa Durga when she was incarnated as the daughter of King Daksh. Her name was sati in that incarnation and her unmarried form is worshipped as Brahmcharini Devi. She has rosary (Mala) and Kamandalu in her lotus hands. She gives eternal bliss by knowledge of Supreme Self (God).
Mantra for worship of Devi Brahmcharini :
( i ) Om Devi Brahmcharinyai Namah (ॐ देवी ब्रह्म्चरिण्यै नमः) (Do 108 recitation of this mantra)
( ii ) Dadhaanaa Kar Padmaabhyaamakshmala Kamandaloo | Devi Prasidatu Mayi Brahmcharinyanuttamaa.
देवी प्रसीदतु मयि ब्रह्मचारिण्यनुत्तमा॥
Meaning :- O Goddess Brahmcharini, who holds rosary and Kamandalu in her hands, please on me. A devotee who is eager to know God, who want knowledge, he should worship Devi Brahmcharini on the second day of Navratri.
3. Chandraghanta (चन्द्रघंटा ) Puja on Third Day of Navratri :
Chandraghanta is form of Maa Durga who rides on Tiger. She holds a Gong (big bell) and adorned with half moon on head.
Mantra for worship of Devi Chandraghanta :-
( i ) Om Devi Chandraghantayayi Namah
(ॐ देवी चन्द्रघन्टायै नमः) (Do 108 recitation of this mantra)
( ii ) Pindaj Pravaarudh chandkopastrkairyuta | Prasadam Tanute Madhyam Chandraghanteti vishrutaa ||
प्रसादं तनुते मह्यां चन्द्रघण्टेति विश्रुता॥
Meaning :- O Goddess Chandraghanta, who rides on Tiger, angry on enemies, holds many weapons in 10 hands, please on me.
Devotees who have many enemies and obstacles in their life, should worship Devi Chandraghanta on third day of Navratri. Goddess Chandraghanta then destroy all obstacles and fears of devotee and destroy enemies and demons.
4. Kushmanda (कूष्मांडा) Puja on Fourth Day of Navratri :-
Kushmanda is the form of Goddess Durga which creates universe. Goddess Kushmanda rides on Lion. She hold weapons in her seven hands, holds rosary in eighth hand.
Mantra for worship of Goddess Kushmanda :
( i ) Om Devi Kushmandayayi Namah (ॐ देवी कूष्माण्डायै नमः) (Do 108 recitation of this mantra)
( ii ) Suraasampoorna Kalasham Rudhiraaplutamev Cha | Dadhaanaa Hastpadmaabhyaam Kushmanda Shubhdaastu Me ||
सुरासम्पूर्णकलशं रुधिराप्लुतमेव च।
दधाना हस्तपद्माभ्यां कूष्माण्डा शुभदास्तु मे॥
Meaning :- Goddess Kushmanda who holds two pitchers full of Madira and Blood in her lotus hands, be propitious to me.
Goddess Kushmanda is Mother of Sun. She creates the entire universe and solar system. Devotees must worship her in order to get success in her creation.
Devotees who has malefic Sun in their birth chart should worship Kushmanda Devi.
5. Skandmata (स्कन्दमाता ) Puja on Fifth Day of Navratri :
Skandmata is the form of Goddess Durga when she take incarnation of Parvati and gave birth to Lord Skanda or Kartikeya. She is known by her sons name as Skandmata.
Skandamata rides on Lion with six faced Kartikeya on her lap.
The mantra for worship of Goddess Skandamata :-
( i ) Om Devi Skandmatayayi Namah (ॐ देवी स्कन्दमातायै नमः)(Do 108 recitation of this mantra)
( ii ) Sinhaasangataam Nityam Padmaanchit Kardwayaa | Shubhdaastu Sadaa Devi Skandmata Yashaswini ||
सिंहासनगता नित्यं पद्माश्रितकरद्वया।
शुभदास्तु सदा देवी स्कन्दमाता यशस्विनी॥
Meaning :- Skandmata who rides on Lion with Kartikeya, holds lotus in her two hands and Varmudra in one hand, be propitious to me.
Skandmata take care of a devotee as her own child. Devotees must worship Skandamata specifically if they have many obstacles in life. Skandmata then take care of devotee as her own child and remove his all obstacles.
6. Katyayani (कात्यायनी) Puja on Sixth Day of Navratri :
Goddess Durga took incarnation as Katyayani, when Indian Rishi Katyayan meditate on Goddess to destroy demons. Goddess Durga incarnated in his home as his daughter, named Katyayani.
According to Durga Saptshati, Goddess Katyayani is Mahasaraswati. Goddess Katyayani holds weapons in her 10 hands, rides on Lion. She has three eyes and adorned with half moon on head.
Katyayani Mantra for worship in Navratri :
( i ) Om Devi Katyayanyayi Namah (ॐ देवी कात्यायन्यै नमः) (Do 108 recitation of this mantra)
( ii ) Chandrahaasojjval Karaa Shaardoolvarvaahanaa | Katyayani Shubham Dadyaad Devi Daanavghatini ||
चंद्र हासोज्ज वलकरा शार्दू लवर वाहना|
कात्यायनी शुभं दद्या देवी दानव घातिनि||
Meaning :- Devi Katyayani who holds Chandrahaas Sword and other weapons in her ten hands, rides on Lion, and destroying demons, be propitious to me.
7. Kalratri (कालरात्रि) Puja on Seventh Day of Navratri :
Kalratri is incarnation of Goddess in which she removed her golden skin and became lustrous black colored. She is naked, rides on an ass.
She holds sword and Varmudra in two right hands. She holds a torch and abhaya mudra in left two hands. She is the Master of Hypnotism.
Kalratri Mantra for worship during Navratri is :-
( i ) Om Devi Kalratryayi Namah (ॐ देवी कालरात्र्यै नमः) (Do 108 Recittaion of this Kalratri Mantra)
( ii ) Ekveni Japakarnpoora Nagna Kharaasthita | Lamboshthi Karnika karni Tailaabhyaktshariirini ||
Vaam Paadollasallohlata Kantakbhushanaa | Bardhan Moordham Dhwajaa Krishnaa Kalratrirbhayankari ||
एकवेणी जपाकर्णपूरा नग्ना खरास्थिता, लम्बोष्टी कर्णिकाकर्णी तैलाभ्यक्तशरीरिणी।
वामपादोल्लसल्लोहलताकण्टकभूषणा, वर्धनमूर्धध्वजा कृष्णा कालरात्रिर्भयङ्करी॥
This is the mantra to meditate on her. This mantra describes her form. She is naked, rides on ass. She has long lips and lustrous body. She is wearing ornaments in legs like lightning. She is black in color and has unlocked hair, big eyes and ears. She is very dangerous looking. Meditating on this form of Kalratri removes all obstacles as well as removes all magical effects created by others.
8. Mahagauri ( महागौरी ) Puja on Eighth Day of Navratri :
Mahagauri is the 16 years old form of unmarried Goddess Parvati. She rides on bull, holds trident and damru in two hands. She have varamudra and abhayamudra in other two hands.
She wears pure white cloths. Her face is white like moon.
Mantra for worship of Mahagauri during Navratri :-
( i ) Om Devi Mahagauryayi Namah (ॐ देवी महागौर्यै नमः) (Do 108 Recitation of Mahagauri Mantra)
( ii ) Shwete Vrishesamarudha Shwetaambardhara Shuchih | Mahagauri Shubham Dadyanmahadev Pramodadaa ||
श्वेते वृषे समारुढा श्वेताम्बरधरा शुचिः।
महागौरी शुभं दघान्महादेवप्रमोददा॥
Meaning :- Goddess Mahagauri who rides on white bull, wear pure white clothes, giver of happiness, be propitious to me.
9. Siddhidatri (सिद्धिदात्री ) Puja on Ninth Day of Navratri :-
Siddhidatri is master of eight siddhis and nine nidhis. Siddhidatri took incarnation when goddess Parvati enters in half body of Lord Shiva.
Siddhidatri is Seated on Red Lotus and She also rides on Lion. She has Conch, Chakra, Lotus and Gada in her four hands. Dev, Humans, Brahmins, Demons, Kinnars are all worshipping her.
Siddhidatri Mantra for worship during Navratri is :
( i ) Om Devi Siddhidatryayi Namah (ॐ देवी सिद्धिदात्र्यै नमः) (Do 108 Recititation of Siddhidatri Mantra)
( ii ) Siddha Gandharva Yakshdyairasurairamarairapi | Sevyamaanaa Sadabhuyaat Siddhida Siddhidayini ||
सिद्धगन्धर्वयक्षाघैरसुरैरमरैरपि।सेव्यमाना सदा भूयात् सिद्धिदा सिद्धिदायिनी॥
Meaning :- Goddess Siddhidatri, who is worshipped by Siddha, Gandharva, Yaksh, Gods, Demons etc., holds Conch, Chakra, Gada and Lotus in her hands, giver of all siddhis and victory all over, be propitious to me.
Devotee must worship Goddess Siddhidatri on ninth day of Navratri because she gives the results of nine days worship.
Nav Durga Puja Vidhi -
Kanya Pujan :-
On Eighth day you should give invitation to nine girls of age group of 5 to 12 for food on ninth day. On ninth day, prepare food for them.
The special menu for this day is Halwa, Poori and Chana. Many people make Kadhi and Kheer also. Feed the girls with full of love and devotion considering them Nav Durga (nine form of Goddess).
After food, give them some dakshina, i.e. money, gifts, clothes etc. whatever you wish and with which these girls are pleased.
This way you complete Nav Durga Puja on Navratri Festival.
Nav Durga Puja During Navratri by Reciting Durga Saptashati
During Navratri, read the holy book Durga Saptashati. Durga Saptashati is the glory of majesty of Mother Goddess Durga, which she expressed in battlefield.
Goddess Durga herself said in Durga Saptashati that, she pleases equally with a devotee, who listen or remember her story of bravery in battlefield during Navratri and a devotee who do worship for the whole year with full methodology.
Even she please with a devotee who worship her without knowing her method of worship. A devotee who recite Durga Saptashati considering her as mother, she removes all obstacles in life and also gives spiritual knowledge to become free from all bondages.
You can celebrate Navratri festival at your home with your family. On first day, do Ghat Sthapna at your home. Get the holy book Durga Saptshati and recite it’s chapters daily for nine days. 8th day invite 1 to 9 girls as much as you can for ninth day. Feed them and give some gifts.